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Early morning excersise in the Rizal Park in Manila city, Philippines.
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Obesity

    Overview

    在线观看|影视免费观看vipOverweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulation that presents a risk to health. A body mass index (BMI) over 25 is considered overweight, and over 30 is obese. The issue has grown to epidemic proportions, with over 4 million people dying each year as a result of being overweight or obese in 2017 according to the global burden of disease. 

    Rates of overweight and obesity continue to grow in adults and children. From 1975 to 2016, the prevalence of overweight or obese children and adolescents aged 5–19 years increased more than four-fold from 4% to 18% globally.

    Obesity is one side of the double burden of malnutrition, and today more people are obese than underweight in every region except sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. Once considered a problem only in high-income countries, overweight and obesity are now dramatically on the rise in low- and middle-income countries, particularly in urban settings. The vast majority of overweight or obese children live in developing countries, where the rate of increase has been more than 30% higher than that of developed countries

    Complications

    Overweight and obesity are major risk factors for a number of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular diseases such as heart disease and stroke, which are the leading causes of death worldwide. Being overweight can also lead to diabetes and its associated conditions, including blindness, limb amputations, and the need for dialysis. Rates of diabetes have quadrupled since around the world since 1980. Carrying excess weight can lead to musculoskeletal disorders including osteoarthritis. Obesity is also associated with some cancers, including endometrial, breast, ovarian, prostate, liver, gallbladder, kidney and colon. The risk of these noncommunicable diseases increases even when a person is only slightly overweight and grows more serious as the body mass index (BMI) climbs.

    在线观看|影视免费观看vipObesity in childhood is associated with a wide range of serious health complications and an increased risk of premature onset of related illnesses. Studies have found that without intervention, children and adolescents with obesity will likely continue to be obese into adulthood.

    Prevention and Control

    Many of the causes of overweight and obesity are preventable and reversable. However, no country has yet to reverse the growth of this epidemic. Although other factors are involved, the fundamental cause of obesity is an imbalance of calories consumed and calories expended. As global diets have changed in recent decades, there has been an increase in the consumption of energy-dense foods high in fat and free sugars. There has also been a decrease in physical activity due to the changing nature of many types of work, more access to transportation and increased urbanization.

    Lowering the risk of overweight and obesity includes reducing the number of calories consumed from fats and sugars, increasing the portion of daily intake of fruit, vegetables, legumes, whole grains and nuts, and engaging in regular physical activity (60 minutes per day for children and 150 minutes per week for adults). In babies, studies have shown that exclusive breastfeeding from birth to 6 months of age reduces the risk of infants becoming overweight or obese.

    1.9 billion

    adults worldwide

    在线观看|影视免费观看vipwere obese in 2016, with 650 million obese

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    39%

    of adults

    were overweight in 2016 and 13% were obese

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    38.3 million

    children under 5

    were overweight or obese in 2019

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    UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank Group joint child malnutrition estimates: levels and trends in child malnutrition: key findings of the 2020 edition

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    Nutrition in universal health coverage

    在线观看|影视免费观看vipThis brief provides the reader with information and key messages to transform health systems towards the integration of essential nutrition actions...

    Nutrition Landscape Information System (‎‎NLIS)‎‎ country profile indicators: interpretation guide, 2nd edition

    在线观看|影视免费观看vipThe Nutrition Landscape Information System (NLiS) was originally developed as part of the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s) Landscape Analysis...

    UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank Group joint child malnutrition estimates: levels and trends in child malnutrition: key findings of the 2019 edition

    在线观看|影视免费观看vipThe inter-agency team released new joint estimates for child stunting, overweight, underweight, wasting and severe wasting (March 2019 edition) using the...

    A safe and healthy diet contributes to an optimal state of health and protects against all forms of malnutrition. It also reduces the risk of noncommunicable...

    global-nutrition-policy-review-2016-2017

    在线观看|影视免费观看vipThe Global Nutrition Policy Review 2016–2017 is the report of the second comprehensive analysis of nutrition-related policy environment, coordination...

    Driving commitment for nutrition within the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition: policy brief

    The Nutrition Decade presents an unprecedented opportunity for accelerating country-led actions to end hunger, eliminate all forms of malnutrition, and...

    Global nutrition monitoring framework: operational guidance for tracking progress in meeting targets for 2025

    In 2012, the World Health Assembly (WHA) approved a Comprehensive Implementation Plan on Maternal, Infant and Young Child Nutrition that identified six...